is a grain, usually barley that has been germinated through the application of moisture and heat. Malting is an essential process in the making of whiskey. The enzymes in malt convert the grain starches into grain sugars known as maltose. To acquire malt, barley is moistened and allowed to sprout subsequently it is dried. In the United States the sprouted barley is dried in heated drums. Whereas in Scotland the sprouted barley is spread out on a screen and heated / dried by peat fires below the screen. The peat fires impart the smoky taste that is characteristic of Scotch whisky.

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