Wheat and other cereals that are made into flour contain proteins, one of which is glutenin, commonly known as gluten. Viewed alone, gluten is a tough, elastic, grayish substance resembling chewing gum. It’s the gluten in flour that, when dough is kneaded, helps hold in the gas bubbles formed by the leavening agent. Gas contained within a dough or batter helps a bread or other baked good rise, creating a light structure. Most (but not all) flours contain gluten in varying amounts. Bread (or hard wheat) flour has a high gluten content and is therefore good for yeast breads, which require an elastic framework. On the other hand, low-protein (and therefore low-gluten) cake flour has a softer, less elastic quality and is better suited for cakes.
TopicsArgentinian beverages Brazilian Caribbean Central American cheese Chilean cooking Cuban culinary culinary arts definitions dictionary eating edible Espanol food food glossary foods foods of France France French French cuisine French food French foods gastronome gastronomic gastronomique gastronomy glossaries glossary gout Latin American Mexico Paris Patricia Wells Portuguese Provence Puerto Rican South America South American Spain Spanish taste wine