Chanterelles are subtly flavored, trumpet-shaped mushrooms with wide, flat, dark brown caps 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) in diameter. Select firm, plump mushrooms that are not slimy or bruised. Store chanterelles unwashed-lightly wrapped in paper towels or in a paper bag, never in plastic-in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.
To clean fresh chanterelles:
Remove grit by wiping with a damp paper towel or a mushroom brush. For a more thorough cleaning, swish the mushrooms very briefly in water, then pat dry with paper towels.
For other mushroom varieties, see button, Chinese black, cremini, cultivated, oyster, porcini, portobello, shiitake, straw, and tree ear mushrooms, and truffles.